APJ Abdul Kalam Biography, Early Life, Achievements, Quotes


APJ Abdul Kalam Biography, Early Life, Achievements, Quotes will be discussed here. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalami, often known as APJ Abdul Kalam, was an outstanding scientist who became the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam worked as a scientific administrator and scientist for more than four decades, mainly in the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and defence. Research and Development Organization (DRDO). He was deeply involved in India’s military missile development activities as well as its civilian space programme.

APJ Abdul Kalam Biography

He was nicknamed ‘The Missile Man of India’ for introducing technology and ballistic missile development. A P J Abdul Kalam He was a key figure in the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998. On October 15, 1931, APJ Abdul Kalam was born into a poor Tamil Muslim family in the pilgrimage town of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. Ashiamma was a housewife, while her father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque.

Along with four older brothers and one sister, he was the youngest in the family. Even though the family was not wealthy, all the children were raised in a loving and compassionate environment. During his formative years, Kalam had to sell newspapers to supplement the family income.

APJ Abdul Kalam’s Early Life

He was an average student in school, but had a tremendous desire to study and work hard. He loved maths and spent hours studying it. In 1954, he graduated from ‘St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli’ after attending ‘Schwartz Higher Secondary School’.

He aspired to become a fighter pilot, but his ambition was dashed when the Indian Air Force had only eight seats available, and was commissioned as the ninth.

apj abdul kalam career

As a researcher, While in the ‘Incospar’ committee, Kalam worked under the great space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. After joining the ‘Defense Research and Development Service’, he graduated from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960 and worked as a scientist in the ‘Aeronautical Development Establishment’. Kalam was sent to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969. He rose to the rank of Project Manager for the country’s most advanced Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). Under Kalam’s direction, SLV-III successfully launched the ‘Rohini’ satellite into near-Earth orbit in July 1980.

In 1970, Kalam participated in several initiatives including ‘Project Devil’. He was also part of the ‘Project Valiant’ group. Despite the failure of the project, it laid the foundation stone for making the ‘Prithvi missile’ in 1980.

In 1983, Kalam was requested to manage the ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme’. He returned to DRDO as its Chief (IGMDP).

Achievements of APJ Abdul Kalam

He was a key figure in India’s Pokharan-II nuclear tests in May 1998. The success of these nuclear tests made Kalam a national hero, and his popularity skyrocketed.

He made various proposals to make India a developed country by 2020 as a technological visionary in technology advancement, agriculture and nuclear energy.

as President, The governing National Democratic Alliance (NDA) nominated Kalam for President in 2002, and he was elected President. On July 25, 2002, he became the 11th President of India, a position he held till July 25, 2007. Before assuming office, he was also the third President of India to be awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’.

He was known as the ‘People’s President’ because of his way of working and interaction with the common people, especially the youth. According to Dr. Kalam signing the ‘Office of Profit Bill’ was the most difficult choice during his presidency.

During his presidency, he was penalized for his lack of action in deciding the fate of mercy petitions sent to him. Of the 21 mercy requests, only one caught his attention. He advocated President’s rule in Bihar in 2005, which was also a controversial option.

apj abdul kalam quotes

as a professor, He became a visiting professor at the ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad,’ ‘Indian Institute of Management ((IIM), Indore,’ and ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Shillong’) after his presidential term. End. He taught technology at ‘Anna University,’ ‘Banaras Hindu University,’ and ‘International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad’. He was Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University, as well as Chancellor. Honorary Fellow of the ‘Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram’, ‘Indian Institute of Science (IISc)’ and is instrumental in many other research and educational institutions across the country.

In 2012, Kalam launched the ‘What Can I Give Movement’, a youth-led initiative to combat corruption and increase efficiency.

APJ Abdul Kalam Achievements and Awards

  • The Government of India honored Kalam with the prestigious ‘Bharat Ratan’, ‘Padma Vibhushan’ and ‘Padma Bhushan’.
  • In 1997, the Government of India presented him with the “Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration”.
  • He was given the Veer Savarkar Award.
  • Alwar Research Center honored him with the ‘Ramanujan Award’ in 2000.
  • The Royal Society awarded him the ‘King’s Charles II Medal’ in 2007.
  • Kalam was awarded the Hoover Medal by the ASME Foundation in the United States.
  • In addition, he was awarded honorary doctorates from 40 institutions.
  • Kalam’s 79th birthday was declared as World Students Day by the United Nations.
  • He was nominated for the MTV Youth Icon of the Year award in 2003 and 2006.

apj abdul kalam death

On July 27, 2015, Kalam visited IIM Shillong to deliver the “Creating a Habitable Planet Earth Lecture”. He admitted to considerable pain as he climbed a set of stairs, but he made it to the auditorium. He fell unconscious at around 6:35 pm IST, just five minutes after the conversation in the lecture hall. He was brought to ‘Bethany Hospital’ in a deep state. He was placed in critical care, but showed no signs of life. His death was confirmed at 7:45 pm IST due to cardiac arrest.

On 28 July, Kalam’s body was taken to New Delhi by an Indian Air Force helicopter. Several dignitaries and general public paid tribute to him at his apartment at 10 Rajaji Marg. Kalam’s body was taken to Mandapam, where an army vehicle carried it covered with the national flag to his hometown of Rameswaram. His body was kept in front of a bus stand in Rameswaram so that people could pay their last respects to the departed soul. The former President was buried with full state honors on July 30, 2015 at Pei Karumbu Ground in Rameswaram. More than 350,000 people attended Kalam’s funeral.

Youth and Dr APJ Abdul Kalam – When Death prayed to Kalam while he was doing what he intended to do throughout his life – spreading knowledge – fate was considered merciful. Kalam breathed his last while doing the work he loved the most and the people he cared about the most–with children. His life became a role model for the youth of the country. He became a role model and inspiration for the younger generation because of his humble demeanor, instinctive and direct and ability to connect with young minds.

The writings of Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam – Dr. Kalam has published and co-authored several educative and inspiring publications, including ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium’ and ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium’. ‘Wings of Fire,’ ‘The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verses and Colours,’ ‘Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth,’ ‘You Are Born to Blossom,’ ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India,’ ‘You Are Born to Blossom,’ ‘You Are Born to Blossom,’ ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India’ Guiding Soul, ‘Inspirational Thoughts,’ ‘Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenge,’ ‘Transcendence My Spiritual Experience, ‘Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India’ and many others are among them.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Interesting Facts

Kalam, a man who spent more than five decades in public service, including as a ‘president’, had little ownership. He had no real estate, a television, a refrigerator, a vehicle or air conditioning, but he had 2,500 books, six shirts, a pair of shoes, a wristwatch, four pants and three suits.

He never took gifts from others, except for books.

He never charged for any talks he gave, within or outside the nation.

His fascination for technology was evident, and he kept up with all the latest breakthroughs, mainly through radio.

He was a vegetarian and was always satisfied with the food offered to him.

He was a pious man who spoke of doing morning prayer every day.

He never carried his faith on his sleeve, nor did he exaggerate his poor start.

He did not leave any will. What was left, however, was to be donated to his elder brother and grandchildren. Before leaving or returning from an important mission, Kalam always kept in touch with his elder brother.

His autobiography ‘Wings of Fire’ was first published in English and has since been translated into thirteen languages, including Chinese and French.

The film ‘I Am Kalam’ based on Kalam’s life was directed by Neela Madhab Panda in 2011.

His favorite subjects were Mathematics and Physics.

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