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Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography, Early Life, Achievements, Quotes

 

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography, Early Life, Achievements, Quotes will be discussed here. Before being elected Prime Minister, he was famous for his oratory talent and held several high positions in Indian politics. His first term as the Prime Minister of India lasted just 13 days. Two years later, he took oath for the second time. His rule this time also lasted a little more than a year. About Atal Bihari Vajpayee His third term as Prime Minister was his most successful, and he served in the position for a total of five years.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography

What was the background of Atal Bihari Vajpayee? , Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a respected veteran politician who served as the Prime Minister of India thrice, neither of which was consecutive. He served in the Indian Parliament for more than five decades, and was the only MP to be elected multiple times from four different states: Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Delhi.

He entered politics for the first time during the pre-independence period, when he joined the Quit India Movement, which resulted in his arrest and imprisonment. He was one of the founding members of the erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sangh, an Indian nationalist organisation, and was a great patriot. He was a gifted poet with many published poems, and had a multifaceted personality. His affinity for Hindi is also widely known; He was the first person to deliver a speech in Hindi before the United Nations General Assembly.

Early Life of Atal Bihari Vajpayee

childhood and adolescence Early Life of Atal Bihari VajpayeeHe was born in a middle class family in Gwalior. Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, a school teacher and poet, was his father, and Krishna Devi was his mother. He studied Hindi, English and Sanskrit at Saraswati Shishu Mandir and then Victoria College, where he graduated with honors in Hindi, English and Sanskrit.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee did his post-graduation at DAV College, Kanpur, where he did his MA in Political Science. He was a born patriot who fought for India’s independence even as a student and published various nationalist Hindi magazines.

Achievements of Atal Bihar Vajpayee

Career in politics – He became involved with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) of Syama Prasad Mookerjee, a right-wing political group formed in 1951. He became a devoted supporter of Mukherjee and in 1954 accompanied him to Kashmir on a fast unto death.

In 1957, Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time from Balrampur (UP). Delivering impressive speeches, he proved to be a gifted orator.

After the death of Deendayal Upadhyay in 1968, he was elected the National President of the Jana Sangh. He worked diligently with Nanaji Deshmukh, Balraj Madhok and LK Advani over the next five years to establish the Jana Sangh as a powerful force in Indian politics.

The Janata Party was formed in 1977 when the BJS merged with the Bharatiya Lok Dal and the Socialist Party. Vajpayee became the foreign minister in the administration of Prime Minister Morarji Desai after the Janata Party won the general election.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Poems

After the resignation of Morarji Desai as Prime Minister in 1979, the Janata Party was dissolved. In 1980, Vajpayee co-founded the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) with LK Advani and Bhairon Singh Shekhawat and became the party’s first president.

After the 1984 elections, when the BJP was reduced to two seats, Vajpayee worked tirelessly to rebuild the party and in the 1989 parliamentary elections, the BJP won 88 seats.

By 1991, the BJP had established itself as the main opposition party, winning 120 seats in the 1991 parliamentary elections.

In 1993, he was elected the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament, and in November 1995, he was announced as the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate during a meeting in Mumbai.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Career

In the 1996 general elections, the BJP became the largest party in the Lok Sabha. In May 1996, Vajpayee took oath as the Prime Minister. He resigned after 13 days as the BJP was unable to secure a majority.

In 1998, he was sworn in again as Prime Minister after the BJP won the elections and established the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) with other major parties. This administration lasted for over a year until new elections were called.

India conducted underground nuclear tests in Pokhran in May 1998, just a month after the government was formed during his tenure. These trials were seen as a turning point for the country.

Between May and July 1999, India and Pakistan fought the Kargil War. By the end of the war the Indian Army and Air Force had recaptured the areas occupied by Pakistani insurgents. Vajpayee’s image as a strong and capable leader of the country was strengthened by his victory in Kargil.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Quotes

After victory in the Kargil War, the BJP-led NDA emerged as the largest political alliance in the 1999 general elections. In October 1999, Vajpayee was re-elected as the Prime Minister for the third time.

He made many economic and infrastructure changes, such as the promotion of the private sector, supporting private research and development, and the privatization of some state-owned enterprises, among other things. His two important undertakings were the National Highway Development Project and the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.

In March 2000, US President Bill Clinton paid a state visit to India. Clinton’s visit to India was seen as a turning point in the international trade and economic ties of the two countries.

Trade unions and government employees attacked Vajpayee’s privatization activities, claiming that excessive privatization was not in his interest.

To enhance Indo-Pak relations, he invited Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to India in 2001. India, on the other hand, did not do well in this effort.

In 2001, he founded the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan with the goal of universalizing primary education.

Terrorists trained in Pakistan attacked the Parliament House in New Delhi in December 2001. According to the investigation, a plan was developed in Pakistan. For a long time there was a possibility of a full-fledged conflict between the two countries. In the wake of this incident, the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) of 2002 was passed.

Several economic reforms were adopted by the Vajpayee administration in 2002-03, resulting in a record GDP growth rate of 6-7 per cent. India’s foreign image is also improving as a result of the significant changes that took place in the country during this period.

In 2004, Vajpayee resigned as Prime Minister after the Congress won the most seats in the general election.

In 2005, he announced his retirement from politics, and he did not run in the 2009 legislative elections.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Major Projects

Under his leadership, the 1998 nuclear tests clearly recognized India as a nuclear power, and the government was able to build a minimal credible deterrent to avoid security threats.

Two of his favorite initiatives were the National Highways Development Project (NHDP) and the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). The National Highway Development Project (NHDP) emphasizes on connecting the four main cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. PMGSY is a statewide initiative to connect isolated habitations with reliable all-weather road access.

He is known for the economic reforms and privatization initiatives implemented during his time as the Prime Minister of India. His diplomacy and leadership during the Kargil War and terrorist attacks cemented his reputation as a knowledgeable and capable Indian leader.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Achievements and Awards

In 1992, he received the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second highest civilian award, for his outstanding contribution to public affairs.

In 1994, he received the Best Parliamentarian Award.

In 2014, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the Republic of India’s highest civilian honor.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Family Life

Vajpayee spent his entire life as a bachelor. He was very close to his friends and family and adopted Namita Bhattacharya, daughter of BN Kaul and Rajkumari Kaul.

He loved Hindi and wrote many poems in the language. He has an extensive medical history. He had knee replacement surgery in 2001. His speech was interrupted by a stroke in 2009. He was mostly confined to a wheelchair for the last few years of his life and had trouble recognizing individuals.

He had dementia as well as diabetes. In the later years of his life, he did not participate in any public events.

He was brought to the hospital on 11 June 2018 due to a serious health condition. He passed away on August 16, 2018 at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi, after a prolonged illness.

Common Sense

The Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh called him the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian politics.

His favorite singers were Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh and Mohd. Rafi.

This huge political figure was the only politician to be elected in different periods from four different states, namely UP, MP, Gujarat and Delhi.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Kargil War

Militants and non-uniformed Pakistani soldiers (many with official IDs and special weapons from the Pakistani Army) had entered the Kashmir Valley and took control of the border hills, unmanned border posts, and were expanding rapidly. The attack focused on Kargil, but also included artillery movements in the Batalik and Akhnoor sectors as well as near the Siachen Glacier.

In response, the Indian armed forces were quickly sent to Kashmir. In June 1999, the Indian Army launched Operation Vijay, which saw them facing heavy artillery fire, harsh cold, snow and high altitude terrain from hundreds of militants and soldiers. The Kargil War that lasted for three months claimed the lives of around 500 Indian soldiers as well as 600-4,000 Pakistani insurgents and soldiers. Pakistani rebels and Northern Light Infantry forces were forced to withdraw by India.

Vajpayee’s prestige was enhanced by the victory in Kargil, and he was admired across the country for his brave and powerful leadership. On 26 July 2012, BJP President Nitin Gadkari dedicated the wax memorial of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Mumbai to mark ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’. The idol will be displayed at the wax museum in Lonavala.

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